Kilimanjaro Mountain National Park.
Kilimanjaro Mountain, ranked 4th in the world, is the highest point in Africa with an elevation of 5,895 meters, above the sea level. The mountain is the only largest free standing mountain in the world. The Kilimanjaro mountain with snow capped at the top is located just after the Equator line about 3º75′ South of Equator and 37º20′ East at the boarder with Kenya.
It is among 20 volcanic mountains near the south end of Great Rift Valley in East Africa, which also include Ol Doinyo Lengai, Ngorongoro Crater, Mount Meru, and Rungwe Mountain.
Kilimanjaro Mountain is composed of 3 volcanoes peaks: Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira; two of these peaks, Mawenzi and Shira, are extinct while Kibo is dormant. Although Kilimanjaro is inactive, the mountain has fumaroles that emit gas in the crater of Kibo Peak.
Kibo is the highest peak reaching 5,895 meters above the sea level. At the top of Kibo peak is a 2.25 kilometers wide ice caped crater. The second summit is Mawenzi which rises to 5,149 meters above the sea level.
Kilimanjaro Mountain is supporting 5 major ecological zones: lower slopes, rainforest, heath and moorland, alpine/highland desert and glaciers/summit. Within each zone there is an association between altitude, rainfall, temperature, plants and animals.The Mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park, which covers an area of 755 sq. kilometers. The slopes of the mountain contains considerable number of bird species, some are endemic/rarer associated with the older forests of the Eastern Arc Mountains. Permanent and seasonal swamps fed by the Kilimanjaro Mountain provide breeding habitat for several uncommon bird species.
Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain that does not need ropes or expertise to climb. It is regarded to be the most visited mountain in the world. Nearly 5000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro each year.